Assignment and nontoxic wastes, without its due treatment, that

Assignment

Committee: General Assembly –
Economic and Financial Committee

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Topic: Sustainable Development:
Responsibilities of Consumers and Producers

Country: Honduras

 

1.    
Make a brief introduction on the situation of
production and consumption waste in your country and related domestic
regulations.

a.    
Having vast mineral wealth, large-scale mining
activities comes from outside interests, primarily from a Canadian mining
company called Goldcorp, who have done the exploration work to establish these
operations. Yet, there are still risks that will affect or hurt the locals
while carrying out these activities, including heavy metal pollution and
toxicity. Goldcorp was accused of poisoning because they polluted a valley in
Honduras, Siria Valley. This company emit strong acid and heavy metal waste
water into the river of the valley, causing the locals to suffer from
illnesses. Below are regulations that are related to the article above: General
Law of the Environment in Honduras, Chapter VI, Article 64, it is prohibited,
to the concessionaires of mining operations or operations related to
hydrocarbons, the ground pouring of toxic and nontoxic wastes, without its due
treatment, that harms the human health or the environment in general, in
rivers, lakes, lagoons and any other course and source of water.

b.    
African Oil Palm was
first introduced to Honduras in 1927 and by the 1970s there were 11,000
hectares planted throughout the northern part of the country. In 2006, the
Honduran government launched a five-year program to promote the use of
agrifuels with the aim of expanding the total cultivation area of 84,000
hectares by 200,000 hectares. Honduras is now the biggest exporter of palm oil
in Central America, accounting for around 45 percent of its production. Along
with the production of palm oil, problems were created by oil palm plantations
include replacement of tropical forests and other ecosystems, loss of
biodiversity, toxic
waste pollution as well. The palm oil manufacturing process itself is highly
polluting, generating three main kinds of waste: solid waste (fibers, shells
and empty fruit bunches); liquid waste (generated in the oil extraction
process); and air emissions (smoke from boilers and incinerators). The
combination of liquid waste with cooling water generates what is known as palm
oil mill effluent (POME), a substance that may be dumped in nearby waterways,
killing marine life and contaminating the water for drinking and bathing. There
is a law that is related to the production and the waste and pollution of
biofuels in Honduras – LEY PARA LA PRODUCCIÓN Y CONSUMO DE
BIOCOMBUSTIBLES, there are no English translated versions of this regulation.

2.    
What measures have your country taken to restrict
production pollution emission?

On account of global warming, the emissions of
greenhouse gas urgently needed reducing.
Honduras is stepping up its efforts to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gas using the UN’s Clean
Development Mechanism. In 2010, Honduras developed its National Climate Change
Strategy (NCCS), planning to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in the energy,
agriculture, waste, and
Land Use Change and Forestry (LUCF) sectors. Further, in 2015, Honduras submitted its climate
action plan to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC). The Paris agreement will come into effect in 2020, empowering all
submitted countries to act as the purpose of preventing average global
temperatures rising above 2 degrees Celsius and reaping the many opportunities
that arise from a necessary global transformation to clean and sustainable
development.

3.    
Does your country have any regulations regarding
sustainability claims? If yes, what are the regulations? If no, what relative
regulations can possibly be adopted in your country?

Our
country only has the basic environmental law, and the general law of the
environment is only a part of the necessary legal framework to achieve
sustainability. Other
needed legal involve a wide range of other laws, including tax laws, property
laws and even laws that involving our governmental structure. We can simply
adopt New Zealand’s Resource Management Act (RMA) to start with achieving
ecological sustainability and efficiently manage our country’s precious
natural resources, and then gradually improve the environment and solve the
problem of production and consumption waste.

4.    
In the fast fashion industry, what character does
your country represent (producers or consumers)? On behalf of this character,
what can your country do to reduce the damage to the environment?

In Honduras, our
country represents both characters, producers and consumers. Nowadays, fashion
changes seasons by seasons, people always want to be on the top of the fashion,
so they buy new clothing, however, old clothes will be thrown away, damaging
the environment. In order to tackle this issue, producers as well as consumers,
can donate their defective clothing or used clothing to charity in the cause of
helping the people in need to reduce the damage to the environment. In
addition, because of the rise of vintage clothing and thrifting culture, people
can also sell them on ebay, charity shops or second-hand stores, etc. 

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