India is a developing country. Thus, the focus of country is towards urbanization, industrialization and modernization. But in this race of development, country is facing the issue of increased pollution. Thus, the focus of country has shifted from development to sustainable development. Sustainable development means economic development of country without depletion of natural resources. Pollution prevention is gateway to sustainability. There are various policies designed by government to reduce pollution.
Yes, government policy helps to reduce pollution. If there is no policy, then pollution level will become bad to worse. Indian government has taken various steps to reduce environmental pollution in India. To reduce water pollution, government has started projects like Namami Gange project, AMRUT project, Smart city mission, Industrial effluent standards, etc. To reduce air pollution, government is promoting use of renewable energy and reducing traffic emission. Government has implemented new rules related to solid waste management and promoting recycling e-waste.
If we look at the data of previous years, government policies has contributed to fall in air pollution. The mandatory adoption of catalytic converters for cars reversed worsening trends in particulate matter and sulphur dioxide concentrations and led to sharp declines in these dangerous forms of air pollution. Similarly, the Supreme Court Action Plans – the most famous of which was in Delhi, but had also been implemented in 17 cities as well – helped reduce nitrogen dioxide. The effect of the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP), the foundation of water pollution regulation in India, can be witnessed as success in reduction of water pollution.
Government policies will be successful in reducing pollution in India if the regulators are given proper motivation and sufficient empowerment. India still requires effective regulation and enormous discipline to control pollution. Government is required to come up with cost effective measures to control pollution. Big corporates which contributes maximum to pollution are required to be given strict warning. If we take a time of generation to control pollution, then we are risking the life of millions of people which is a high cost for economic development. The government is required to take actions at faster pace.
Thus, it can be concluded that government policies make an impact on reducing pollution but India is required to tackle pollution more systematically.