Research as Accra Metropolitan Area. The population growth leads

Research

Stakeholder
group 1: The residents of Accra Metropolitan Area
Accra is the capital of Ghana and has a population
of 2 million residents. The city is one of the most growing cities in Africa
and has an urbanization rate of 4% per year. Accra is a metropolis, one of
biggest city in Africa and is referred as Accra Metropolitan Area. The
population growth leads to uncontrolled expansions of the city border into
marginal lands. 80% of the residents with low income live in areas with a high
population density. 17% has a middle income and 3% a high income and both
groups live in low population density areas.
The population generates 2000 tonnes of solid waste per day and this amount
increases with 6% per year. Like other developing city the waste consist of a
high organic (food leftovers and kitchen waste) and the other 15% consist of
plastic, metals and papers. 3.3% of the waste consists of plastics which makes
up for 60 tonnes of plastic waste generated every day. The amount of waste
generated per capita is less in low income areas than high income areas. The
waste generation in low income areas is 0.40 kg per capita per day, in middle
income areas it is 0.68 kg per capita per day and in high income areas it is
0.62 kg per capita per day. Most waste is generated is in low income areas, because
80% of the population lives in these areas.
The generated wastes per day increases every year and can be linked with
economy and higher consumption of resources. The growing economy of Accra leads
to higher monthly earnings of working residents, as a result of an increasing
purchasing power and buying more products. Also job seekers are attracted to
the city because of the growing economy. It also effects the consumption which
is shifted more towards plastic packaging.
Many of the low income households store solid waste in any open baskets,
cardboard boxes or cans and 32% stores it in closed containers. In the middle income
areas waste is stored by 50% of the residents in open containers and rest in
closed containers. 65% of residents with an high income store their waste in
closed containers and the rest in open containers. In general 42% of the
population stores their waste in open containers/baskets/cans which is
disadvantageous, because the waste can be taken away by the wind into the
environment.
Recycling is more common in low income areas: plastic bottles are often reused
before they are discarded.

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