There and the society and this relationship is formed

There is a relationship between the experiences
between individuals and the society and this relationship is formed by what
individuals do , environmental influences such as values and norms,
interpersonal relationships and many more (Mills, 1959). The understanding of
this relationship is essential, because without it, individuals and societies
cannot be understood singularly (Mills 1959, cited in Isasken, 2013).

Mills works emphasizes that often times, challenges
that confront people can sometimes be beyond their direct control but the
challenge may also be influenced by the society they live in, including
history. This is justified as significant others may be faced with the same
challenge. Therefore, it can be deduced that apart from personal influence,
there is an external force that is rooted in the societal structure of the environment
that influences the situation. For example 31.3% of young people aged Eighteen
(18) are at risk of poverty (Eurostat, 2017). There could be several factors
responsible for this statistical situation, the factors may include; high
unemployment rates, low access to education, inequitable distribution of
income, unpleasant health situation, and many others.

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In the case of poverty, some of the people accounted
for, may lack basic skills or may be behaviorally flawed, but there are
definitely external factors that contribute to the number, because not all of
them will have the same incapabilities. Similarly, as regards gender relations,
there are individual beliefs that have placed a gender as superior to the other,
but there are factors in the structure of societies, which have influenced the
minds of people to assume these positions in the society.

Mill’s idea of sociological imagination is the
bedrock of the practice of sociology. It enables the understanding of biography
and history, including the relationship they share in the society. According to
Mill, deficits such as unemployment, problems in marriages and war, should be
examined beyond individual influences, but should be extended to structures,
histories, values, culture and their faults. In the case of marriages, marital
failures that lead to divorce are functions of failed and faulty institutions
that are related with marriage, the family and other institutions. For example,
if 415 of 1200 marriages fail in the early stage, it is an indication of
failure of the partners, the family, society, the religious institutions and
others that have influencing powers over marriages, according to Mills.

In Mill’s opinion, the family institution enslaves
women and subjects them to the superiority of their husbands, while men are
allowed to take the full responsibility of providing for the needs of the
family. There is a complete dependence on men by their families. This is an
impaired system already created and this hierarchical structure defines the
place of the woman and the man in the family. Similarly, Weber defined
patriarchy as a system of Government which is ruled by men and women are
oppressed and dominated.

Moreover, the support position women were placed in
procreation, has been socially redefined and gender inequality has resulted due
to the social process. As a result, gender relations has become the guide for
social processes.

The gender sensitivity
of societies and institutions, such as marriages, has long been operational in
cultural sociology with gendered assumptions inculcated in social policies,
gender isolation in labor market and in performing domestic duties. Women have
occupied subordinate positions in the business world, economic environments and
they have been cornered to bearing the responsibility of Housekeeping and child
bearing. This situation is still operating but is slowly shadowing to vanish.
Women have been defined and characterized by their weaknesses and they have
been referred to as incapable to equally contribute to meeting family needs as
their husbands.

Feminist researches
have validated the experiences of women in various business environments by
conducting researches such as the roles of sexualities in workplaces, and men’s
roles in the social and economic systems have been gender defined, especially
in positions of power. The attribution of gender to high or low performance is very
common at workplaces and political spheres. There is amusement when women
perform beyond expectation, because “a woman did that?!”.

In an attempt for
resolution, Wright Mills discovered that for social, economic and political
change to occur, there has to be an infusion of critical and imaginative
conjuncture between the public and the private spheres in sociological research
and until then, can an equitable society, where every individual has a fair and
equal chance to survive and excel, without sentiments about their gender, be
achieved. However, in the modern society today, the presence of women is
beginning to increase in the public sector of paid work and men are taking the
roles of housekeeping. This is not indicative of role switch, but that equality
is gradually prevailing.

Mill provided a bifocal
view into social problems through “the private troubles of personal milieu” and
“the public issues of social structure” (Mills 1959, Pg. 8), in his book “the
social imagination”. He expressed that social life can be comprehended through
the complimentary request of logical examination and political determination (Kemple and Mawani, 2016). He emphasized the need for
the understanding of individuals and the society, before solving the problems
of individuals and the society, singularly.

In addition, Mills
presented that Biography usually meets history, that is, an individual has his
own story (Biography) and the person is influenced by the people who have lived
or come to life before them (History). People often take to believe that they
have control over themselves, and play ignorant to the fact that society has
ways of influencing their thoughts and actions.

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