Traditional the significance of protecting our environment as well

Traditional Family Farming vs. Factory FarmingEmily JanzenMrs. GordonAgri. Science January 9th, 2018Janzen 1Did you know that 65% of hogs tested from factory farms had pneumonia? And that industrial agriculture uses up 70% of the world’s freshwater supply? Those are only two of the dozens of negative effects that factory farming has not only on the environment, but also ourselves, our food, and the animals involved. These are the reasons why I believe traditional family farming is better than factory/industrialized farming. First, I would like to discuss the benefits of traditional family farming. One of the biggest benefits is that on traditional family farms the food is produced without the use of harmful chemicals such as pesticides, hormones, and many more. These chemicals, when used, can ¬†severely damage the quality of our food, as well as the health of the environment. Another really big benefit of traditional family farming is that these farmers acknowledge the significance of protecting our environment as well as our water supplies which can in turn help preserve and protect them. Next, farmers use manure as fertilizer for crops which significantly reduces the need for commercial fertilizers which contain harsh chemicals. Also, with their manure, they only apply the amount they believe the land can sustain, which in turn helps protect the soil and crops. Traditional family farmers also use efficient ways to apply manure and crop rotation to help minimize the amount of fuel consumed by machines, and these farmers also sell their products through local markets, which helps reduce the amount of fuel consumed by transporting the food. These farms also provide safe work environments, and help support local economies by purchasing inventory from small, local businesses as well as helping to build small, rural communities. Lastly, ¬†Janzen 2traditional family farms, treat the animals humanely, and allow them to carry out natural animal behaviors such as rooting in the dirt and pecking at the ground. Next, I’d like to discuss the benefits of factory farming. One of the first benefits of factory farming is that the food produced through factory farms is noticeably cheaper for consumers. Another benefit of factory farming is that it relies less on manual labor, which can be dangerous in these environments, and so laborers aren’t needed as often because of the technology used in factory farming. But, with easier, safer jobs that can’t be done with technology factory farming can also help provide jobs. A further advantage of factory farming is the efficiency of production which puts the food out into stores faster, resulting in more money for the corporations, and more food for the people. Lastly, what people seem to think is the biggest advantage is that factory farming can easily feed the growing population. And, with this constant growth, feeding everyone is a constant worry, and factory farming can be comforting to people, because they know they can get food quick, and for cheap. Now, to discuss why I believe traditional family farming is better than factory farming. First, I’m going to discuss animal cruelty, because many people don’t realize the conditions that these animals are raised in. Factory farming risks the recurrence of animal cruelty, and has lead to excessive death rates of animals. The conditions that animals involved in factory farming are raised in are nothing short of appalling. Just to list a few, all of the animals are stuck in small cages their entire lives, and are let out only when the factory farms need them. Most factory farms cut the Janzen 3beaks off of chickens to stop them from pecking at each other, as well as cutting the tails off of cows and pigs. There is one state in the United States where this method, called docking, is illegal. That state is California. When baby chicks are born, the males are separated from the females, and all of the male chicks are sent away to be ground because they serve no purpose for the production. Cows are estimated to live anywhere from 15-20 years, but most cows involved in factory farming barely live to see their fifth birthday. According to the National Center for Biotechnology and their research on Sustainable Agriculture and How it Can Address the Harmful Effects of Industrial Agriculture, “Factory farms chain veal calves around the neck to prevent them from turning around in their narrow stalls…They are kept in isolation and near or total darkness during their 4-month lives and are fed an iron-deficient diet to induce anemia so that their flesh develops the pale color prized in the marketplace”. Lastly, factory farms have been known to abuse antibiotics, and have repeatedly given them to healthy animals, so they can ‘build up an immunity’ to common sicknesses. The conditions these animals are raised in can possibly translate to our food being unhealthy, and contaminated. On traditional family farms, the animals are almost always allowed to roam freely, and are only given antibiotics when needed. They are all fed well, and they are all raised in great conditions, and allowed to carry out natural behaviors. Factory farming definitely affects the smaller farming communities scattered throughout the world to the point that someday they may cease to exist. Factory farms have an abundance of animal waste, which is usually thrown out, or used as fertilizer. Still, there is too much. The abundance of this waste can pollute not only the water, but also the air. Over 37% of methane gases in the air have been traced back to Janzen 4major factory farming corporations. According to Collective Evolution, “In the U.S alone over 260 million acres of land has been cleared to make room for more factory farm locations.” It’s also been proven that the overuse of chemicals, and fertilizers are rising the rate of soil erosion, and as stated above, traditional family farms only use the amount of fertilizer that the land can handle, and they also try to help conserve the environment and our precious water supplies. There are dozens more reasons as to why factory farming is negatively impacting not only the environment, but the life living in it, but these are just a few. In conclusion, these are the many reasons why I believe that traditional family farming is more beneficial than factory farming, not only for the animals, but for the people and our environment. The efficiency and pricing of factory farm produced products are magnificent, and so maybe one day we can enforce different rules and regulations on factory farming to help save our environment, and everything in it. To end my speech, I would like to include a quote from one of the most memorable people in history, Mahatma Gandhi, “The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” Thank you. Janzen 5CitationsBeyond Factory Farming. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2018, from http://www.beyondfactoryfarming.org/get-informed/industrial-vs-family-farms-comparisonPersuasive Agriculture Speech Topics. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2018, from https://sciencing.com/persuasive-agriculture-speech-topics-5951033.htmlFamily vs Corporate Farming. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2018, from http://familyfarmingahap.weebly.com/family-vs-corporate-farming.htmlTraditional Farms vs Factory Farms. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2018, from https://sustainruralwisconsin.org/traditional-farms-vs-factory-farms/Responsible Farming is Sustainable – Eating Rules. (2016, December 10). Retrieved from https://eatingrules.com/responsible-farming-is-sustainable/GREENGARAGEBLOGADMIN. (2015, August 5). List of Top 19 Factory Farming Pros and Cons. Retrieved from https://greengarageblog.org/list-of-top-19-factory-farming-pros-and-consPros and Cons of Industrial Agriculture. (2016, November 18). Retrieved from https://environmentalsustainability65.wordpress.com/2016/11/18/pros-and-cons-of-industrial-agriculture/Intensive animal farming. (2018, January 10). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intensive_animal_farming#Controversies_and_criticismsFarming Methods. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.field-goods.com/farming-methods/Defining the family farm | Rodale Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://rodaleinstitute.org/defining-the-family-farm/Janzen 610 Alarming Facts About Factory Farms That Will Break Your Heart. (2014, March 21). Retrieved from http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/03/21/10-alarming-facts-about-factory-farms-that will-break-your-heart/5 Ways Factory Farming is Killing the Environment. (2017, September 16). Retrieved from http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/factory-farming-is-killing-the-environment/KANSAS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://scorecard.goodguide.com/env-releases/aw/state.tcl?fips_state_code=20#rankingsSustainable vs Ind. Farm. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://greenpeacecorps.org/Sustainable_vs_Ind.htmlThese 9 Facts About Factory Farming Will Break Your Heart. (2014, December 4). Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/17/factory-farming-facts_n_4063892.htmlGRACE Communications Foundation. (n.d.). Industrial Livestock Production. Retrieved from http://www.sustainabletable.org/859/industrial-livestock-production65% Of Hogs tested from factory farms had pneumonia – Gathering of Minds. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ourgom.com/tag/65-of-hogs-tested-from-factory-farms-had-pneumonia/Mahatma Gandhi Quotes. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/mahatma_gandhi_150700How Sustainable Agriculture Can Address the Environmental and Human Health Harms of Industrial Agriculture (n.d.) Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240832/pdf/ehp0110-000445Factory Farming Is Destroying Our Environment. (2013, August 26). Retrieved from http://www.collective-evolution.com/2013/03/04/eating-meat-destruction-of-environment/

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