Unlike since 2012. Therefore, making Japan’s political situation the

  Unlike many other western political systems such as the United States and Britain, Japan’s political system was drawn up recently after their defeat in the second world war. Due to Japan’s occupation by the United states the constitution which was passed in 1947 is a document against military action. The constitution includes the losing the right to wage war along with the maintenance of armed forces, however a maintenance of armed forces was later allowed due to the need of self-defense forces.   The constitution was a document that was created by the allied occupation of Japan. Since its implementation there has been no amendment made it to due to the fact that it requires an overwhelming majority to do so. Japan is a democratic country that is unlike most western political systems. This is mainly due to the fact of the dominance of one party, the Liberal Democratic Party’s dominance over the last 50 years where power has been held almost unbroken. Similarly, to Canada’s political system Japan also has 3 branches, The executive branch, The legislative branch, The Judicial Branch.   Similarly, to Canada’s mother country (Britain) Japan is a constitutional Monarchy. The Emperor has very restricted power and is also seen as “the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people” not someone who has control of the country. This is a very big change from the Emperor’s war before world war 2 where the Emperor and large amounts of power in the Country.   The Prime minister is elected for a term of 4 years but due to general instability in the Japanese political system they rarely see out a full term. Generally, scandals and citizens looking for politicians that are different than the status quota are to blame for the instability. Currently however, the current prime minister, Shinzo Abe of the Liberal Democratic Party has been in office since 2012. Therefore, making Japan’s political situation the most stable it’s been in decades. Military      Mentioned earlier Japan has established the Self Defense forces in 1954 which is controlled by the Ministry of Defense. The Japanese self-defense forces are mainly used for peacekeeping operations, in recent UN peacekeeping and maintenance of national security. The Japanese military is well liked in society where it is currently ranked 7th in military strength in the world. (https://www.globalfirepower.com/country-military-strength-detail.asp?country_id=japan) Tariffs, Quotas, Embargoes   Luckily the average tariff rate in japan is among the lowest in the world. This gives international exporters an advantage when entering into this new market.  Here are some examples of tariffs on the main industries: Agriculture products – 12.9% Non-agriculture — 2.5% Non-electrical machinery — 0.0% Electrical machinery — 0.1% Transport equipment — 0.0% Manufactures — 1.2% Clothing — 9.0% Chemicals – 2.2% Found from: (https://www.export.gov/article?id=Japan-Import-Tariffs)   Japan may have relatively low tariffs, but it does have some trade quotas which may prevent some international business from entering into some areas of the market. There are many standards unique to Japan, such as greatly respecting authority along with dressing very formal. Also, in some sectors of business such as agriculture it is expected that business have prior experience in Japan. Moreover, regulations have been passed that favor domestic products and go against foreign products. Lastly in the Japanese culture personal relationships are held strong with business and there is a reluctance in society to change business relationships. Current Issues: Population Falling      For the first time since 1988 fewer than one million babies have been born in Japan. The Japanese market is slowly decreasing and social security in Japan predicts the population to decrease by 40 million by 2065. In a country where the almost 50% is above 60 it makes it hard for new business to thrive. Also, a trend that is set to continue of deaths out numbering births also points to a decreasing population. Therefore, this is bad for business whose target demographic is the younger generations.


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